“Will this provide protections for transgender individuals?”
Whether the amendment protects transgender individuals is dependent upon the meaning of “sex” in the 28th Amendment (Equal Rights): Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
In a recent Title VII Supreme Court decision, Bostock v. Clayton County, “sex” was held to include protections for LGBTQ+ individuals.
“It is impossible to discriminate against a person for being homosexual or transgender without discriminating… based on sex.”
An issue of interest is the inclusion of transgender athletes in sports. This is a current issue with numerous cases making their way through the courts. In 2011 the NCAA released a transgender inclusion handbook, the rules of which are still followed today.