“Does constitutional equality mean women will be drafted?”
Even without the 28th Amendment (Equal Rights), a draft could include women. We believe that if a draft of America’s best and brightest were necessary during a national emergency, it would (of course) include women.
In recent years, military, legislative, and judicial leadership have signaled a single sex Selective Service registration may not be practicable:
In 2016, the same year women were allowed to serve in every military role (including ground combat), the U.S. Senate passed a bill that would have required women to register for Selective Service with support from late Senator John McCain, who explained that women already serve with great distinction in all aspects of our Armed Forces. (source, CRS)
In October 2017, the Pentagon recommended that women should register with the selective service. (source, The Hill)
In February of 2019, a federal judge in Texas ruled that single sex draft registration is unconstitutional. (source, NPR) However, this ruling was overturned by the 5th Circuit and the Supreme Court declined to take up the case. For now, a single sex draft registry stands. Stay tuned…
Fun fact!Women have always been eligible to be drafted and were nearly drafted as nurses in the last couple of days of WWII (source, HistoryNet).